The fig is not actually a fruit, but a syconium. It is dubbed the sweet “false fruit” cultivated since time of Mesopotamia. Syconium is pronounced “saɪˈkoʊ ni əm”. In layman’s term, it is actually inside-out flower clusters. The fig is an enclosure with tens to thousands of fruits within it. ‘Syconium’ has an Ancient Greek origin, with word συκον (sykon), meaning “fig”.
Figs close off from most organisms by the ostiole, the little butt-like shape at the bottom of the fruit. Syconia can be monoecious or functionally dioecious: monoecious means “single house,” with male and female flowers found on a single individual and dioecious means “double house”, with male flowers and female flowers on different plant.
In Malaysia, common figs (ficus carica) planted are monoecious. Thus, fruits are grown without any need for pollination.