Fig cultivation in Malaysia
In Malaysia, fig trees are cultivated in small-scale farms dotted around the country. It has been found that the trees do well with soil that is soft, full of humus (organic matter) and without an underlay of bedrock.
If the trees are exposed to too many chilly nights and rainy weather, it adversely affects the taste profile of the fruits. So, trees are often protected by rain shelters and farmers need to ensure sufficient watering and ventilation. Generally, saplings are derived from “mother trees”, propagated with cuttings. Taking good care of the saplings is key to having successful trees.
Like other crops, pests such as nematodes, fig stem borers, fruit flies, mealy bugs and aphids as well as certain viruses are threats to fig trees. So, farmers will have to be diligent in their tree maintenance.